By Rick Nauert PhD Senior News Editor
Reviewed by John M. Grohol, Psy.D. on January 18, 2013
An emerging field of research is personality psychology — a scientific look at how people differ from each other and how differences in personality influence the world in which we live.
To begin, personality is more than being an extravert or an introvert, and as researchers are learning, extraversion does not just explain differences between how people act at social events.
Personality affects academic and job performance, social and political attitudes, the quality and stability of social relationships, physical health and mortality, and risk for mental disorder.”
Personality obviously plays a significant role in mental health as researchers have known for some time that personality can greatly influence how patients respond to particular treatments.
Using personality models, a therapist can better tailor treatments for depression, for example, by distinguishing between a patient who is generally agreeable versus one who it typically at odds with other people.
The first person is likely to form a good working relationship with the therapist, whereas the second person is likely to be more challenging and require more effort by taking personality features into account alongside particular conditions.